Connect Comfort and Uplift

The Inner Workings of a Great Pantomime

3 min read

Connect Comfort and Uplift

3 min read


Discover the Inner Workings of a Great Pantomime… Think back to your childhood years. When did you first become enamoured with the theatre?

A great British tradition, the pantomime, has been told for centuries with famous and popular tales told through music and verse.

Audiences joining in, from children to their parents, all marvelling at the stunning show – remnants from the Victorian times and inherited from commedia dell’arte.

All of the panto elements, from magic scenery to song and rhyme and cross-dressing, come together to create a beautiful performance. Far from being a static performance, it engages the audience, it needs audience participation, ensuring that everyone is back for an encore.


Tip: Do you know Blackpool Grand present pantomime each year.


Based on Tradition

Balancing both tradition and innovation, pantomimes were originally an antidote to Shakespearean-like heavy tragedy. Modern pantomimes are still based around a mock-dramatic style of telling a story. A pantomime is the original artform of mocking melodramas and how silly they are.


A Fun Story with Children in Mind

English pantomimes have two main rules: to aim for a masterpiece and to have a strong plot. Storylines are everything in pantos. Mainly fairy tales, modern pantos balance storylines from Disney’s version and the real version, as Disney has a wide portfolio of fairy tales. Alternative fairy tales can be a spoof or sequel version of popular stories, with the trick being to make sure audiences understand the references.

This is why you’ll find pantos generally following the basics of a story, even if there have been major changes.


Inner Workings of a Great Pantomime
Inner Workings of a Great Pantomime


The All-Important Panto Dame

The panto Dame is always the popular character, likely to receive a thunderous round of applause whenever she enters the stage. But panto Dames aren’t just written for any actor to perform the role – the trick to a great pantomime is to write the Dame with an actor in mind.

Dames have much of the slapstick comedy centred around her; typically, the hero’s mother is played by a man, very obviously in a frock. Knowing the audience is also very important; how will the audience react to a particular actor and how is he normally seen? This is partly why celebrity pantomimes work so well, with well-established actors providing a stunning performance.

A great example is Sir Ian McKellen in Aladdin in 2004, with a fantastic reception to his role as a Dame.


A Great Villain

All stories need a great villain and pantos are no different. When pantomimes have a great bad guy, audiences instantly recognise them. And their evil speeches are always a fun part for writers, actors, and audiences alike.

The trick is to have the villain viewing themselves as the star of the panto. Whether they speak in rhyme or simple prose, they must always view themselves as the centre of the play. This is often translated into a witch, demon, or a wicked wizard role.


Inner Workings of a Great Pantomime
Inner Workings of a Great Pantomime


The Principal Boy and the Principal Girl

Typically played by a young woman wearing male garments, although not exclusive to actresses, the Principal Boy is one half of the conventional lover’s couple in pantos. The Principal Girl is still a very innocent role, just like in the original fairy tale.


The Comic Lead

Comedy roles are always essential for audiences to have fun. They’re typically best played for laughs, their audience interaction dating back to Music Hall. Double acts are great for menial jobs, needing great comedic timing and experience to draw the best laughs when jokes are told or buckets thrown.

This role relates to the children in the audience, often with memorable catchphrases with the audience calling out the opposite as a response. Some examples are:

  • Oh Yes, It Is!
  • Oh No, It Isn’t!
  • It’s Behind You!
  • Booooo!

Contact us on 01253 290190 to book tickets to our fun pantomime this year and other shows – don’t miss out on buying tickets for fantastic plays!



Blackpool Grand Theatre

Take a look at what’s on at Blackpool Grand Theatre this Autumn / Winter 20/21


Blackpool Grand set out a COVID-Community Communication Programme (CCCP) during the Coronavirus pandemic. Our aims were simple, to CONNECT, COMFORT and UPLIFT. We would Connect people by offering tutorials on communication tools like Zoom and conduct community face-to-face meetings (book readings, youth groups and more). Comfort through stories of heritage, memories and storytelling, and to Uplift visitors spirits through laughter and exercise. Please do enjoy and if you can afford to donate please do.


The information in this story is accurate as of the publication date. While we are attempting to keep our content as up-to-date as possible, the situation surrounding the coronavirus pandemic continues to develop rapidly, so it’s possible that some information and recommendations may have changed since publishing. For any concerns and latest advice around COVID-19, visit the World Health Organisation. If you’re in the UK, the National Health Service can also provide useful information and support, while US users can contact the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

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